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Holderness, New Hampshire

History

The Squam Lakes were a trade route for the Abenaki Indians and early European settlers, who traveled the Squam River to the Pemigewasset River then to the Merrimack River and seacoast. In 1751, Thomas Shepard submitted a petition on behalf of 64 grantees to Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth for 6 miles square on the Pemigewasset River. The governing council accepted, and the town was named after Robert Darcey, 4th Earl of Holderness. The French and Indian War, however, prevented settlement until after the 1759 Fall of Quebec. The land was regranted as New Holderness in 1761 to a group of New England families, and first settled in 1763. As proprietor of half the town, Samuel Livermore intended to create at New Holderness a great estate patterned after those of the English countryside. By 1790, the town had 329 residents, and in 1816, "New" was dropped from its name.

Holderness became a farming and fishing community, except for the "business or flat iron area" located on the Squam River, which has falls that drop about 112 feet before meeting the Pemigewasset River. With water power to operate mills, the southwestern corner of town developed into an industrial center, to which the Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad entered in 1849. But the mill village would be at odds with the agricultural community, especially when denied civic amenities including gaslights and sidewalks. Consequently, in 1868, it was set off as Ashland

Tourists in the 19th century discovered the region's scenic mountains and lakes. Before the age of automobiles, they would depart the train in Ashland and board a steamer, which traveled up the Squam River to rustic fishing camps or hillside hotels beside Squam Lake. Today, Holderness remains a popular resort area, where in 1981 the movie “On Golden Pond” was filmed.

Geography

Holderness has a total area of 35.6 square miles (92 km2), of which 30.4 sq mi (79 km2) is land and 5.2 sq mi (13 km2) is water, comprising 14.73% of the town. Bounded on the northwest by the Pemigewasset River, Holderness is drained by Owl Brook. Part of Squam Lake is in the east, and Little Squam Lake is in the center. Mount Prospect, with an elevation of 2,064 feet (629 m) above sea level, is in the north. Also in the north is the highest point in Holderness, Mount Webster, elevation 2,076 feet (633 m) and part of the Squam Range. Holderness lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.

More:  http://www.holderness-nh.gov/Public_Documents/HoldernessNH_WebDocs/about

Laconia, New Hampshire

About

Laconia is a city in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 16,411 at the 2000 census, which makes it the 9th-largest city in the state. It is the county seat of Belknap County.[1] Laconia, situated near Lake Winnipesaukee, includes the villages of Lakeport and Weirs Beach. Each June for nine days beginning on the Saturday of the weekend before Father's Day and ending on Father's Day, the city hosts Laconia Motorcycle Week, also more simply known as 'bike week', one of the country's largest rallies, and each winter, the Laconia World Championship Sled Dog Derby. Laconia includes a branch of the New Hampshire Community Technical Colleges.

History

A large Abenaki Indian settlement called Acquadocton Village once existed at the point now known as The Weirs, named by colonists for fishing weirs discovered at the outlet of the Winnipesaukee River. Early explorers had hoped to follow the Piscataqua River north to Lake Champlain in search of the great lakes and rivers of Canada mentioned in Indian lore. About 1652, the Endicott surveying party visited the area, an event commemorated by Endicott Rock, a local landmark. A fort would be built at Laconia in 1746. But ongoing hostilities between the English, French, and their respective Native American allies prevented settlement until 1761, after which it remained for many years a part of Meredith and Gilford called Meredith Bridge.

Beginning in 1765, lumber and grist mills were established on Mill Street, with taverns built soon thereafter on Parade Street. About 1822, the courthouse was built, which would become county seat at the creation of Belknap County in 1840. In 1832, the Belknap Mill was built to manufacture textiles; largely unaltered, the structure is today a museum listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Local industry produced lumber, textiles, shoes, hosiery, knitting machinery and needles. But the city's largest employer would be the Laconia Car Company, builder of rail, trolley and subway cars. Started in 1848, it lasted until the 1930s. The railroad entered town in 1849, carrying both freight and an increasing number of summer tourists to popular Weirs Beach.

In 1855, Laconia was incorporated as a town from land in Meredith Bridge, Lakeport, Weirs and part of Gilmanton. The name was probably derived from the old Laconia Company, formed by Captain John Mason and the Masonian Proprietors to sell parcels of land during the colonial era. The Great Fire of 1860 destroyed most of Main Street from Mill to Water streets, followed by the Great Lakeport Fire of 1903, a blaze so fierce that fire companies were brought by train from as far away as Dover. Laconia was incorporated as a city in 1893.

More:   http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laconia,_New_Hampshire

Meredith, New Hampshire

About

Meredith features miles of lakefront properties on some of New Hampshire’s most pristine lakes and ponds, including Lake Winnipesaukee, Lake Winnisquam, and Lake Waukewan. The village of Meredith fronts on Lakes Winnipesaukee and Waukewan. Meredith, with its quaint New England Village setting has become a tourist destination point. Lakefront lodging, restaurants and shops are in keeping with the balanced New England architecture that makes this area much sought after. The town still maintains a rural characteristic, has excellent schools, and has a close proximity to Interstate 93.

The Inter-Lakes Cooperative School district is where Meredith students grades K-12 attend, along with students from Center Harbor and Sandwich. The town maintains a full time police department, a full time fire chief, and the nearest hospital, Lakes Region General in Laconia, is only 10 miles away. The nearest public use airport is also in Laconia. Some of the town’s other amenities include beautiful parks, golf courses and marinas, tennis courts; bicycle, snowmobile, and cross country skiing trails, and downhill skiing in nearby Gunstock.

History

Originally know as Palmer’s Town, Meredith NH was first granted by the Mansion Proprietors to a group of settlers lead by Samuel Palmer in 1748. Samuel Palmer was a teacher of surveying and navigation and had laid out much of the surrounding land around Lake Winnipesaukee. Many of the settlers were from Salem, Massachusetts, so the town’s name was later changed to New Salem. The town’s name was changed once more when it was incorporated in 1768 as Meredith, by Governor John Wentworth. The name Meredith was in honor of Sir William Meredith, who had allied with William Pitt in opposition of taxation on the colonies.

Morehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meredith,_New_Hampshire

Moultonborough, New Hampshire

About

Moultonborough is a small town on the northerly side of Lake Winnipesaukee. Moultonborough (Moultonboro ) is rich in real estate as it has approximately 70 miles of frontage on Lake Winnipesaukee and several other smaller lakes. The town also fronts on Squam Lake, made famous by the movie “On Golden Pond”. Moultonborough is one of the lowest tax towns that fronts on the “Big Lake”. The base population is approximately 5,000. Seasonal population swings upwards of 20,000 as the town has a popular second home and tourist market.

History

The first settlers of Moultonborough were grantees from Hampton, among whom were at least sixteen Moultons, hence the name of the town. Colonel Jonathan Moulton was considered to be one of the richest men in the province at the start of the American Revolution. Moultonborough was chartered in 1763 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth, and at the time was described as being near the “Winnepisseoky Pond”. The town was incorporated in 1777.

Moultonborough is home to the “Castle in the Clouds,” an estate set in the Ossipee Mountains. Thomas Gustave Plant made a fortune manufacturing shoes, bought 6,300 acres and hired the Boston architectural firm of J. Williams Beal & Sons to design “Lucknow”, a stone mansion built between 1913 and 1914. The property, with sweeping views of Lake Winnipesaukee, is a popular tourist attraction. The “Castle Springs” water bottling source at facilities is located on the Castle grounds.

More:    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moultonborough,_New_Hampshire

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